Arnica Oil | Osteoarthritis | Pain | Surgery | Receptra Targeted Topical
Arnica Oil is derived from the medicinal herb Arnica montana of European origin. It is a perennial member of the sunflower family, and grows wild in mountain ranges across Europe, but several closely related species are native to the subalpine parts of North America.
People take arnica by mouth for sore mouth and throat, pain such as pain after surgery or wisdom tooth removal, insect bites, painful and swollen veins near the surface of the skin (superficial phlebitis), bruising, muscle pain, vision problems due to diabetes, stroke, and for causing abortions.
Arnica Oil is applied to the skin for pain and swelling associated with bruises, aches, and sprains. It is also applied to the skin for insect bites, arthritis, muscle and cartilage pain, chapped lips, and acne.
Active compounds in Arnica Oil:
- The bioactive compound helenalin is mainly responsible for the therapeutic effect of arnica preparations. Chamissonolid and 11,13- dihydrohelenaline are two other active agents belonging to a group of biochemicals known as sesquiterpene lactones (STLs) which have specific actions at cellular level. These three STLs in arnica have been shown to have strong anti-inflammatory properties in lab studies.
- Other constituents include several types of lignans and flavonoids such as astragalin, luteolin-7-glucoside, and isoquercitrin. Thymol and other thymol derivatives constitute the volatile oil component. Phenolic acids include caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and cynarin. Coumarins such as scopoletin and umbelliferone are also present.
How they work:
- Anti-inflammatory– Treatment with arnica before and after a surgery or other injuries significantly reduces the inflammation that invariably follows. The STLs helenalin and dihydrohelenalin inhibits several biochemical reactions involved in the inflammatory process such as lysosomal rupture, neutrophil migration and prostaglandin synthesis.
- Anticoagulant – Helenalin and, to a lesser extent, 11,13-dihydro helenalin inhibit platelet aggregation and thromboxane formation. These reactions reduce clot formation following an injury to the blood vessels and help resolve bruises faster.
- Analgesic – Topical application arnica extract relieves pain due to inflammation, such as following injuries, insect bites, sprains, arthritis, and phlebitis. Helenalin and other STLs may be having an analgesic effect similar to salicylic acid besides their anti-inflammatory action.
- Cholesterol lowering – Laboratory experiments in mice have shown that the STLs in Arnica can lower serum cholesterol by inhibiting lipogenesis. However, on account of the toxicity of helenalin at higher doses, oral intake of arnica extract for cholesterol control is not recommended.
- Cutaneous absorption – The sesquiterpene lactones from the tincture of arnica has been found to be easily absorbed into the body within 3 three hours of topical application.
Bright, S. (2016). Natural Living Ideas: The Incredible Benefits & Uses of Arnica retrieved online on 03/19/18 form http://www.naturallivingideas.com/benefits-uses-of-arnica/